Heart disease is one of Australia’s leading causes of death, and it affects both men and women. However, according to the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) data from 2018, heart disease is more prevalent among men in Australia than women.
Here are some statistics on heart disease for men in Australia:
- In 2018, heart disease was the leading cause of male deaths, accounting for 12.6% of all deaths.
- Men aged 45-64 had the highest death rate from heart disease in 2018.
- In 2017-18, over 35,000 hospitalisations of males aged 35 years and over due to heart disease in Australia.
- In 2017-18, almost one in five (19.8%) hospitalisations for males aged 35 years and over were due to heart disease.
- In 2017-18, there were over 118,000 emergency department presentations for males aged 35 years and over due to heart disease in Australia.
Causes of Heart Disease in Men
Several factors can contribute to the development of heart disease in men. These include:
High Blood Pressure
High blood pressure, or hypertension, is a leading risk factor. It can damage the arteries and increase the heart’s workload, leading to cardiovascular problems.
High LDL or “bad” cholesterol levels can cause plaque buildup in the arteries, leading to blockages and a higher risk of heart disease.
Cigarette smoking damages the blood vessels and increases the risk of heart disease.
Diabetes is a condition that can cause damage to the blood vessels and increase the risk.
Being overweight or obese can increase the risk of high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and diabetes, all risk factors for heart disease.
A family history of heart disease can increase the risk of developing the condition.
Lack of regular physical activity can contribute to obesity and increase the risk.
Chronic stress can increase the risk of heart disease by causing changes in blood pressure, cholesterol levels, and other factors that affect heart health.
It’s important to note that heart disease can also develop due to a combination of these risk factors. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle, including regular physical activity, a balanced diet, not smoking, and managing stress, can help reduce men’s heart disease risk. Regular check-ups with a healthcare provider can also help identify and address any underlying health conditions that may contribute to heart disease.
Factors To Reduce Your Risk of Heart Disease
There are several steps men can take to reduce the risk of heart disease:
Maintain a Healthy Weight
Obesity is a significant risk factor for heart disease. Maintaining a healthy weight through a balanced diet and regular physical activity can help reduce the risk.
Eat a Healthy Diet
A diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and healthy fats can help lower cholesterol, blood pressure, and the risk of heart disease.
Regular physical activity, such as brisk walking, running, cycling, or swimming, can help strengthen the heart, lower blood pressure, and improve overall cardiovascular health.
Smoking is a significant risk factor. Quitting smoking can reduce the risk of heart disease and improve overall health.
Chronic stress can contribute to the development of heart disease. Meditation, yoga, or deep breathing exercises can help manage stress and improve cardiovascular health.
Limit Alcohol Consumption
Drinking alcohol in excess can increase the risk. Men should limit their alcohol intake to two drinks per day.
Control High Blood Pressure & Cholesterol
High blood pressure and cholesterol levels are major risk factors. If necessary, managing these conditions through lifestyle changes and medication can help reduce the risk of heart disease.
Get Regular Check-ups
Regular check-ups with a healthcare provider can help identify and manage any underlying health conditions that may contribute to heart disease.
By adopting these lifestyle changes, men can reduce their risk of heart disease and improve overall cardiovascular health.